During the first eleven months of 2015, a total of 5.5 million tons of coal was exported into Chinavia the Gashuunsukhaid border crossing, representing a fall of 50% on last year. Overall, Mongolian coal exports have dropped by 25%; this includes export from the country’s most important mining complex at “TavanTolgoi”. Only coal exports viathe ShiveeKhuren border crossing remain unchanged. Analysts are unanimous that the reason for the drastic fall in coal exports has been caused by slowdown of the Chinese economy.
An important issue regards the way on which coal is transported. It is clear that rail transport must be used in order to maintain and improve competitiveness.
Currently, there are 15 coal transportation companies operating at the Gants-Mod crossing – a reduction of 19 compared to 2014.