Back in June 2016, Mongolia, Russia, and China signed an agreement to implement an Economic Corridor comprising 32 projects, 13 of which are in the sphere of infrastructure. Related to this is the proposed Economic Corridor, which is one of the six routes in China’s Belt and Road initiative; it is also in alignment with Mongolia’s Development Programme, and the Eurasian Economic Union, which is driven by Moscow.
In December, ‘Mon-Auto Trans’, a Mongolian company successfully conducted the first trial transportation from Ulan-Ude in Russia’s Republic of Buryatia to the Chinese port of Tianjin. According to the Ministry of Road and Transport Development, the number of trucks operating between Russia-Mongolia-China has increased to 200.
Mongolia is connected to two Asian Highway Networks: AH-3 connects the Altanbulag border crossing with Russia and runs across Mongolia, via Ulaanbaatar to the Zamyn Uud border crossing with China. In the west of Mongolia, AH-4 connects the border crossing in the Bulgan Soum of Khovd Province to the Ulaan Baishin border crossing in Bayan-Ulgii Province.