Since its ‘Democratic Revolution’ two decades ago, Mongolia has progressed dramatically. Yet, how modern is Mongolia exactly?
Statistical data indicates that much still needs to be done regarding women’s rights in the workplace. Society demands women work like just like men, ignoring the fact that they have to juggle this with family commitments. According to Mongolian employment reports for the third quarter of 2019, a total of 50.7 percent of workers in the science, technology and professional sectors are women, 52 percent in manufacturing industry, 58 percent in retail and wholesaling, 67 percent in service, 74 percent in finance, 77 percent in education as well as 85 percent in the health sector.
Currently, there are 2.259.000 people of working age in Mongolia; 47 percent of them are men and 53 percent are women. However, there are 100,000 women age between 20 and 35 unable to work because of the absence of childcare facilities, kindergartens and schools.
According to the 2018 statistics regarding monthly salaries, women get paid MNT 230.000 less than men. Young men, in particular earn 1.3 times more monthly salary than women.