Mongolia amended its constitution on 14 November for the second time since it was ratified in 1992, thereby strengthening the powers of the prime minister. Previously, it was amended in 2000. The amendment to the constitution was approved by 100 percent of the 63 MPs who participated in the session. A total of 36 articles have been amended.
In Mongolia’s hybrid political system, power is shared by an elected president and the government, which is appointed by parliament and headed by a prime minister. The new amendments to the constitution give the prime minister the power of forming a cabinet while the number of MPs who allowed working in it does not exceed four, Parliament is not allowed to approve the increased budget deficit presented by the cabinet.
The president, who usually comes from the political party in opposition, is able to veto legislation and propose his own. Future presidents, though still elected directly by the people, will be limited to one six-year term, compared to two four-year terms previously, starting from 2024.
Mongolia has had 16 different governments since it became a parliamentary democracy in 1990.