According to a government report, it is estimated that almost 80 million livestock roam the Mongolian steppe. They have reduced the variety of vegetation and degraded 70% of the pastoral land. Every year, Mongolia emits 34 million tonnes of greenhouse gases.
According to the UN Environmental Survey, the average temperature in Mongolia has increased by 2.1 degrees Celsius [3.8 degrees Fahrenheit] since 1940, which is more than twice the average increase in global temperature for the same period. This is one of the highest increases recorded on the planet.
However, Mongolia aim for decrease greenhouse gas emissions by 14% 2030. In order to achieve this, Mongolia needs to modernize its livestock sector by reducing its amount of livestock.