A former Prime Minister, and founder of the National New Party, M.Enkhsaikhan, answers questions on the current political scene.
The Mineral Council approved the feasibility study of Oyutolgoi last Thursday. Coinciding with this, there was information that a Rio Tinto official in
Our Intelligence organization must prepare a study of how the terms of the agreement are likely to affect
I believe there has been corruption in Oyutolgoi. Since the agreement is full of holes and there is no clearly visible big benefit to Mongolian, it is highly probable that our officials were bribed.
You have often criticized the terms of the agreement. As an economist and a former PM, what do you think is bad about it for
First, the agreement violates Mongolian laws and Parliament decisions. By signing it before approving the feasibility study was patently wrong. Second hand, the so-called advance payment is actually a loan with high interest. Third,
There is a Mongolian saying that a man becomes wise after reaching 40. Minister D.Zorig has not reached that age. It is easy for foreigners to manipulate naïve young minds. S.Bayartsogt is rightly thought of as seeing only the good in everything. Minister L.Gansukh does not understand the complexities of the situation. These people are not bad but they are not capable of standing up to foreigners to protect national interests. And they were directed by S.Bayar who had too much personal interest in it to taske the right decision.
Is there actually nothing that was good?
Let’s look at it from the point of view of the investors?
We have surrendered all our powers of discernment to foreigners. For example, we talk about the borrowed concept of the “curse of wealth”. It is a theory prepared to make us understand that we should have foreigners dig out our natural resources in order to prevent the curse. There is also a theory of economic competency. Its meaning is “Let’s give the treasure to foreigners and be happy with just a little money”. There is also a theory about good governance. This aims to keep Mongolians busy blaming one another for “bad governance”.
But you also said that bad governance led to the bad agreement.
Bad governance means bad government and bad Ministers, with foreigners implementing projects. Mongolian politicians hold so many meetings that everybody thinks they are talking wisely. They don’t see through the policy. They don’t understand it. There are people who offer projects to Governments of countries with rich natural resources that would trap them in debt. The countries then have no option but to give their treasures to foreign companies. We all know about
Another example: Three years ago,
Friedland was called “economy killer” years ago. Are you talking about him?
He really is the killer of economy. He is nicknamed as Toxic Bob in the west since he ran away after destroying nature in
Were you aware of such people when you were PM?
I was aware that foreigners did not mean well for
Why didn’t you talk about economy killers while the agreement was being made?
Talking is not important. What is important is “hearing”. People were talking about Toxic Bob a lot, but who actually listened to that? The bottom line is that we’ve signed an agreement that would leave the country in great debt.
In an interview, you said if N.Enkhbayar was still President, such a contract would not have been made. Why do you think this?
I knew very well what N.Enkhbayar’s opinion about Oyutolgoi project was. Even though we don’t have to agree on everything,he had a strong view that
Do you think that civil movements and political parties not in Parliament would be able to stop this contract supported by the President, the Government and the majority of MPs?
I believe the train that will lead
Your party has developed a new State Constitution.
Yes. We have thought about many issues seriously. There are even more ideas that we did not include in the draft constitution. For example, the achievements and everything that Chinggis Khaan did must be under the protection of the state. There were times twe did not even have the right to say Chinggis Khaan’s name.
But, why must the State Constitution be changed for this?
The Constitution of 1992 is a product of part-socialism and part-liberalism. The outcome of this constitution after 20 years is the oligarchs’ governance. Mongolian State Constitution must be based on patriotism and nationalism. We need responsible, systematic and powerful governance. For this the Constitution must be changed.
Does the draft constitution propose a Presidential system?
What we are talking about is a Parliamentary country with strong president. This is a revolutionary concept of government.
It is time for us to stop these endless quarrels. We need a good policy, no matter who is making it or who is following it. Child Money was the best policy
What will happen after your revolution changes the government?
Most people say there is something wrong with today’s government and polity. These include people who just criticize and people who want to change it. There are people who fear the revolution among them too. This fear occurs because they cannot visualize what will happen afterwards. The draft State Constitution made by the NNP has a “revolutionary” intention. The party itself will be the ringleader to raise the number of people who have the courage to start the revolution. Number of people who understand that the officials have forgotten the country’s interest is increasing rapidly. The increasing false promises, official parties; the fact that people’s money is going into the pockets of officials under the name of reconstruction and tender; majority of the people living poorly -all these compound the condition to make the revolution. We need a National Revolution, not a Bolshevik revolution. NNP’s priority is to make the people understand this.
How is your draft constitution different from the one being followed?
It is very important to make the people who call themselves intellectual understand the difference. Any government has three branches: legislative, executive and judicial. The 1992 State Constitution has five: law making – Parliament, law execution – Government, Court – High and other courts, President and
NNP proposes: highest political right – State Great Khuraldai, law making –State Baga Khuraldai, Executing – Government and President, Court – High Court and courts, Controlling – Auditory and Prosecutor, Government Service – Government service council. This will enable balanced, responsible, people centered governance.
It seems the draft which says illegally achieved properties must be confiscated is being criticized. There are people who say this is an act to go back to socialism. There are even people who say this is Chinese type politics. Liberalism seeks to protect the people’s rights and their property.
People need to read the draft before criticizing it. They should also read the books “Nationalism” and “National Revolution” which was published by our party. We will protect private property. But we demand that this property is acquired with one’s own labor. Those who fear this condition are the ones who are opposing it.
People feel the same problems would crop up after the revolution. They fear the same people would again come up.
State Constitution of responsible polity would change and develop people in the right way. Thus, it is not true that the same people would come up.
The people’s protest after 2008 election left five people dead and hundreds sentenced in prison. The defeated politicians are now lying in the same bed with the MPRP. The policemen who shot the people are now cleared of charges.
The officials must explain why the people got angry. The July 1 incidents had good things and bad things. But this day must not be used to scare the people and dull their courage.
Thank you. What would you like to tell our readers?
I want to give the call “Awaken, Rise up and Change! Follow the spirit of Nationalism to make a National Revolution!”